Naac Grade




The collected water samples from 9 different places of Bhopal and areas around it. They were collected in month of January – march when there is onset of summer. Normally the environment was moderate and temperature range 25-35 0C degrees.

The alage found are as follows :-

  1. Oedegonium nodolusum( OEDOGOMACAE)
  2. Microcystics aeruginosa.
  3. Stigeoclonium (chaetophoraceae)
  4. Aulacoseria granulate (aulocoseriaceae )
  5. Ulothrix zonata ( ULOTRICHACEAE)
  6. Sirogonium sticticum
  7. Microspora (microsporaceae)
  8. Oscillatoria princeps
  9. Nostoc commune.
  10. Aphanocapsa elachista. (merismopediaaceae)
  11. Aulacoseria granulata (Aulacoseriaceae )
  12. Rhizoclonium hierogylypcium (cladophoraceae)
  13. Zygnema ( zyygnemataceae)
  14. Spirogyra .

These samples were provided with Bold Basal Media and simultaneously grown for 3 months and then observed under microscope. There are many varieties of algae associated with each other.

 1. Betwa River :- Bhojpur, Madhya Pradesh

  • Oedegonium nodolusum( OEDOGOMACAE)
  • KINGDOM : - Plantae
  • PHYLUM :- chlorophyta
  • CLASS :- chlorophyceae.
  • ORDER :- Oedogoniales
  • FAMILY :- Oedgoniaceae.
  • COMMON NAME :- Green algae.
  • Coordinates: 23°6′54″N 77°35′43″E
  • P h :- 6.4
  • Filamentous Unbranced chlorophyte with cylindrical cells.
  • They are attached to surface by a holdfast which is commonly surrounded by reddish brown material.
  • Their life cycle may be extremely complex and varies by species.
  • There is dense chloroplast usually filling the cells with pyrenoids.
  • Cells are frequently wider at one end to other occasionally one finds bulbous, almost globular cells.
  • They are characterized on the basis of their distribution of sex organs and also have reticulate chloroplast.
  • Presence of caps on the young dividing cells due to which vegetative cell division is very elaborate.
  • The intercalary cells are longer and they have cylindrical outline.
  • The cells are surrounded by thick and rigid cell wall and it is differentiated into 3 layers i.e
  • Chitin
  • Middle pectin
  • Inner most cellulosic
  • The chloroplast is single , large and reticulate which remains embedded in the cytoplasm.
  • Growth of the filament takes place through all division and all cells except apical and basal ones are capable of dividing through cell division.

 2. Kerva Dam :- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
 3. Narmada River :- Narsinghpur, Madhya Pradesh
 4. Shahpura :- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
 5. Kaliyasot Dam :- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
 6. Upper Lake, Bhopal
 7. Vanvihar Lake :- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
 8. Sitapal Mandir Bagicha :- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
 9. Badbada Dam :- Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
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